Boston Fact Sheet
Quick Boston Facts
- Population, city: 600,000 people
- Population, metropolitan area: 3.7 million people
- 48 square miles in size
- The Freedom Trail: a three-mile historic walking trail through old Boston and Charlestown featuring:
- The Bunker Hill Monument: site of the first major battle of the Revolutionary War
- Paul Revere's House: the oldest wooden building in Boston
- The Old South Meeting House: where the Boston Tea Party was planned
- The USS Constitution: the oldest commissioned warship afloat in the U.S.
- Faneuil Hall: Built in 1742 as Boston's meeting and market place, also known as the "Cradle of Liberty"
- The African Meeting House was built in 1806 and is the nation's oldest existing black church
Here are some of the national and local "firsts" that happened in Boston.
- 1632 - First law against smoking in public
- 1634 - First public park: Boston Common
- 1635 - First public school: Boston Latin, still in operation
- 1636 - First college: Harvard University
- 1653 - First public library
- 1662 - First Official Censor: hence the phrase "banned in Boston"
- 1704 - First newspaper: Boston News-Letter
- 1716 - First lighthouse: Boston Light, still in operation
- 1765 - First chocolate factory: Baker Chocolate Factory in Dorchester
- 1806 - First African-American meeting house constructed
- 1835 - First public school for African-American children: Abiel Smith School
- 1837 - First college for women: Mount Holyoke, still in operation
- 1876 - First telephone: Alexander Graham Bell
- 1896 - First cookbook: The Boston Cooking-School Cookbook, by Fanny Farmer
- 1897 - First subway: Metro Boston Transportation Authority, the "T", completed on schedule and on budget
- 1897 - First U.S. Marathon: Boston Marathon
- 1903 - First World Series game: Boston Americans 3, Pittsburgh Pirates 7
- 1928 - First computer: at MIT
More facts available in What's New.
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